# All Lessons

### Compare The Number of Objects in Group

This Common Core Counting and Cardinality lesson practices counting by comparing the number of objects in a group. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. For this lesson, students must be able to count objects in a group. The problems in the skill development address the following: quantities of 10 or less, quantity versus volume, and counting strategies. After Skill Development, students can use the strategy of their choice. In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Compare Numbers

This Common Core Counting and Cardinality lesson practices comparing two numbers between 1 and 10. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. For this lesson, students must be able to count to ten. It is recommended that the Compare Numbers Flashcards be used after the Skill Development/Guided Practice. This will allow students to quickly compare two numbers, after having learned the skill, eventually leading to fluency. In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Describe the Position of an Object

This Common Core Geometry lesson practices describing the position of an object (such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to). It is recommended that manipulatives are used in demonstration. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Name Shapes

This Common Core Geometry lesson practices naming shapes. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. This lesson contains a Concept Development and Skill Development/Guided Practice for each shape. The lesson is meant to discuss the attributes of each shape, one at a time, until students are able to recognize each of the shapes, and name them based on their attributes. Flashcards are available for this lesson. In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Compare the Length of Objects

This Common Core Measurement and Data lesson practices comparing the length of objects. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Review of the animation on the Concept Development pages prior to the lesson will be helpful, as it is meant to be read aloud. Manipulatives should be used as examples of longer, shorter, etc. In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items. Flashcards are provided as an extra resource.

### Compare the Weight of Objects

This Common Core Measurement and Data lesson compares the weight of objects. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Various objects within the classroom can be used as demonstrations. Please review the animation on the Concept Development page. Animated text is intended to be read aloud by the teacher. Also note that this lesson does not cover any form of density. All comparisons are being made between objects with similar densities. It would be worthwhile to separately cover the idea that some things may be small but heavy (a stapler, a textbook, etc.) while others are large and light (empty boxes, Styrofoam, etc.). In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Decompose Numbers 11 to 19

This Common Core Numbers and Operations in Base Ten lesson focuses on decomposing numbers 11 to 19. As prerequisites, students should be able to write numbers from 0 to 20 (K.CC.3), and understand the relationship between numbers and quantities (K.CC.4). The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Represent Addition

This Common Core Operations and Algebraic Thinking lesson practices representing addition. As a prerequisite, students should be able to count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things (K.CC.5). The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Manipulatives can be used to represent addition in this lesson any time objects are used in the problems. In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Memorize Addition Facts

This Common Core Operations and Algebraic Thinking lesson practices memorizing addition facts. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. The goal of this lesson is rote memorization of the addition facts. As a result, this lesson is set up with Skill Development/Guided Practice pages, followed by Independent Practice for each number. Cumulative Periodic Review pages are at the end of the lesson. Flashcards are provided with this lesson.

### Memorize Subtraction Facts

This Common Core Operations and Algebraic Thinking lesson practices memorizing subtraction facts. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. The goal of this lesson is rote memorization of the subtraction facts. As a result, this lesson is set up with Skill Development/Guided Practice pages, followed by Independent Practice for each number. Cumulative Periodic Review pages are at the end of the lesson. Flashcards are provided with this lesson.

### Determine the Meaning of Multiple-Meaning Words

This Common Core vocabulary lesson practices how to determine the meaning of multiple-meaning words. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Flashcards have been provided for the teacher to use during APK and CD. Larger images may make checking for understanding more student-friendly. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Sort Words into Categories

This Common Core vocabulary lesson covers how to sort words into categories. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Teachers should model what markers to use during Skill Development/Guided Practice for the categories (i.e., writing the number or the word for each object). Flashcards for Concept Development CFU and Skill Development are available for this lesson. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items. Extra resources and activities are provided as well.

### Blend Sounds to Make Words

This Common Core language lesson practices the blending of sounds to produce words. This lesson focuses on students’ phonological awareness, meaning they should only be listening to the words not reading them. Pictures have been animated to appear after students have blended the given sounds. It will be helpful if students are already familiar with blending and segmenting onsets and rimes prior to this lesson. Supplemental materials for Concept Development CFU and Skill Development are available for this lesson. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Isolate Initial Sounds

This Common Core phonics lesson practices isolating initial sounds in words. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will practice isolating and pronouncing initial, medial vowels, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words. This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/. Rigor increased from kindergarten from the basic CVC pattern to more difficult word constructions that include consonant blends. In addition to the lesson, there are seven pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items. A word construction chart and extra resources are provided as well.

### Isolate Final Sounds

This Common Core phonics lesson practices isolating final sounds in words. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will practice isolating and pronouncing initial, medial vowels, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words. In addition to the lesson, there are seven pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items. A word construction chart and extra resources are provided as well.

### Segment and Blend Sounds

RF.1.2 Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

RF.1.2.BRF.1.2.B Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends.

RF.1.2.DRF.1.2.D Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes).

This Common Core phonics lesson focuses on segmenting and blending words. It will be helpful if students are already familiar with blending and segmenting of onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words. Students do not have a handout for this lesson. This lesson should focus on students’ phonological awareness, meaning they should only be listening to the words not reading them. Supplemental materials are included with this lesson, such as activities and other resources. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Segment Words

This Common Core phonics lesson is focused on segmenting single-syllable words into phonemes. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Students do not have a handout for this lesson. This lesson should focus on students’ phonological awareness, meaning they should only be listening to the words not reading them. Supplemental materials are provided for use with this lesson. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Decode Words

This Common Core phonics lesson is part of the California addition to the Common Core standards. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will identify and use appropriate words and vocabulary based on subject matter and context. This lesson is the beginning level of decoding words (words containing only the phonetic code the student has already learned) and includes the following digraphs: th, sh, ch, wh, ck, and ng. Non-decodable words are not included because students must be taught the sounds of the different phonic patterns. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Answer Questions about a Text

This Common Core reading comprehension asks students to answer questions about text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students should practice answering questions without prompting or support. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Identify the Main Topic

This Common Core reading comprehension lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, with prompting and support, students will identify the main topic and retell key details of a text. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.