# 4 • All Lessons

### Compare Firsthand and Secondhand Accounts of the Same Event

This reading informational lesson has students compare different accounts of the same event. It includes a description of firsthand and secondhand accounts.

### Generate Equivalent Fractions

This Common Core number and operations--fractions lesson teaches students how to generate equivalent fractions. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will create equivalent fractions. This lesson focuses on changing a fraction to another. Students are provided a variety of strategies and support to visualize the equivalence. Real-world examples are also provided. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Punctuate Quotations Correctly

This Common Core language lesson teaches students how to punctuate quotations in their writing. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will learn how to separate signal phrases from direct quotations using commas and quotation marks. They will also learn to capitalize the first word of a direct quotation. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Determine the Meaning of Multiple-Meaning Words (Set 1)

L.4.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

L.4.4.AL.4.4.A Use context (e.g., definitions, examples, or restatements in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

This Common Core language lesson teaches students how to determine the correct meaning of multiple-meaning words using nearby context clues. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will see multiple definitions for the same word and then must choose the word with the definition that matches the context of the sentence. In the second activity, students are given a multiple choice option and they must identify which sentence uses the multiple-meaning word in the same way as the example. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Explain the Meaning of Similes & Metaphors

This Common Core language lesson teaches students how to interpret figurative language including similes and metaphors. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will learn how to identify a simile or metaphor in the context of a paragraph and how to use the context of the text to explain the meaning of the figurative language. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Recognize and Explain the Meaning of Idioms

This Common Core language lesson teaches students how to recognize and interpret frequently used idioms. This lesson is very impactful for English learners or ELD students. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students look at the literal and figurative meanings of the idioms side-by-side. Then in the activity they use the context of the text to interpret the meaning of idioms. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Antonyms

This Common Core language lesson teaches students to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words by using antonyms within the text. This lesson is very impactful for English learners or ELD students. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will identify signal words in the sentence that indicate the opposite of a bolded word. Then, they identify the meaning of the bolded word. For example, if the students do not know the meaning of the word “hectic”, they can use the contrasting word calm to determine that “hectic” must mean not calm or very busy. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Main Idea & Key Details

This Common Core reading informational text lesson teaches students how to determine the main idea and key details of a text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students are given examples where the main idea is located near the beginning of the text and near the end of the text. Students are also asked to look at other possible details and determine which would best fit the main idea of the text. This lesson provides students with a great foundation for writing informational text. This lesson includes a whiteboard insert that students can use to record their answers during the initial lesson or plan their own writing in the future. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Comparison Text Structure

This Common Core reading informational text lesson teaches students how to analyze text that compares and contrasts. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students are given a text and a graphic organizer, and they must determine what characteristics fit in each section of the graphic organizer. Students are taught to look for clue words that suggest comparison text structure such as: like, also, both, unlike, whereas, etc. This lesson provides students with a great foundation for writing informational comparison text. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Cause-and-Effect Structure of Text

This Common Core reading informational text lesson teaches students how to analyze text that has a cause and effect text structure. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students have to identify the cause and effect within a paragraph and then select from four options the option which best summarizes the main cause and effect of the passage. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Draw Inferences from Text

This Common Core reading literature lesson teaches students how to infer what the text is about with the details they are given and the prior knowledge they already possess. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students are working with short passages and must specifically identify words or phrases in the text that helped them make the inference. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Theme of Literature

This Common Core reading literature lesson teaches students how determine the theme of a piece of literature. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, theme is defined as a message or lesson about life. Many universal themes are used such as: Love conquers all, looks can be deceiving, and do unto others as you would like done to you. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Describe Events in a Story

This Common Core reading literature lesson requires students to describe the events in a story using specific details from the text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students must answer specific questions about events in the story. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Write a Narrative

This Common Core writing lesson requires students to plan and write a narrative. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students are given a prompt and must plan a situation, setting, characters, events, and resolution. Students then take their notes and write a first draft of their narrative. Lesson also includes a checklist for students to reference and a printable graphic organizer for repeated use. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Use Technology to Revise Writing

This writing lesson requires students to revise their writing by deleting content that does not fit the topic of the text and adding content where elaboration is needed. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students must select the best sentences to add and delete from multiple choices. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Perimeter & Area Formulas

This Common Core measurement and data lesson requires students to solve problems by applying the area and perimeter formulas for rectangles. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students are taught the formulas for area and perimeter and then are given word problems and diagrams and asked to find the perimeter and/or area. Students are also required to read a word problem and determine whether they need to solve for area or perimeter based on the given information. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Recognize Place and Value in a Multi-Digit Number

This Common Core number and operations in base ten lesson teaches students how to recognize the value of the digits in multi-digit numbers up to the hundred thousands. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students look at individual digits in multi-digit numbers and determine the value of the digits. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Read & Write MultiDigit Numbers

This Common Core number and operations in base ten lesson teaches students how to correctly read and write numbers to the hundred thousands place. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students read and write multi-digit numbers. This lesson is intended to extend students’ knowledge of numbers and place value. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Write Multi-Digit Numbers Using Expanded Form

This Common Core number and operations in base ten lesson teaches students how to write multi-digit numbers in expanded form. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will rewrite numbers into expanded form. Students will determine the real value of each digit and rewrite the number as the sum of the values of each digit. This is done to reinforce the actual value of each digit in the number. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Compare Multi-Digit Numbers

This Common Core number and operations in base ten lesson teaches students how to compare the value of multi-digit numbers. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students determine which of a pair of multi-digit numbers is larger. The focus of this lesson is reinforcing differences between numbers based on place value. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.