# 8 • All Lessons

### Determine and Analyze an Author's Point of View

This reading comprehension lesson focuses on identifying an authors point of view. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the passage to determine the author's point of view. Then, they go back to the text to identify supporting details that help develop the author's point of view. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after current adaptive testing items.

### Use Punctuation to Indicate a Pause or Break

This Common Core language lesson covers the use of punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Students should already be familiar with proper use of commas, parentheses, and dashes prior to this lesson. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Explain the Function of Verbals

This Common Core language lesson explains the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will learn to identify the different types of verbals as well as their part of speech. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items. This lesson includes a whiteboard insert with functions of parts of speech.

### Determine the Meaning of Words Using Context Clues

L.8.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

L.8.4.AL.8.4.A Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

This Common Core language/vocabulary lesson covers the use of context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word's position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will identify word meaning within expository passages. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Determine the Meaning of Unknown Words using Roots & Affixes

This Common Core language/vocabulary lesson practices the use of common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede, recede, secede). The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will learn to identify context clues to discover the meaning of the word. The 5th grade, 7th grade, and 8th grade standards for L.4b are the same; however, the words used in each lesson are grade-specific when possible. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Distinguish Among the Connotations of Words with Similar Denotations

This Common Core language/vocabulary lesson requires students to distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions). The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will distinguish among the connotations of words with similar denotations. The 6th, 7th, and 8th grade standards for L.5c are the same; however, the words used in this lesson are grade-appropriate content words. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Cite Textual Evidence to Support Inferences

This Common Core reading informational text lesson covers how to cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. The less This skill and concept should expand into larger works of informational text as the year progresses. The term conclusion is used in some assessments to evaluate inference (Smarter Balanced). Students will need to know that conclusion and inference are sometimes used interchangeably. The term conclusion is not mentioned in the Common Core Standards. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Determine the Central Idea of a Text

This Common Core reading informational text lesson covers determining a central idea in text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will practice identifying central ideas in expository text, and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Analyze How an Author Acknowledges Conflicting Evidence or Viewpioints

This Common Core reading informational text lesson covers how an author deals with conflicting viewpoints in a text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will identify the author's point of view and analyze how he or she acknowledges or responds to conflicting viewpoints. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Analyze a Theme in Literature

This Common Core reading literature lesson covers understanding theme by analyzing the relationships of elements in the text. In this lesson, students will determine which lines from the text best support the given theme. Then, they will identify the characters, setting, and plot and analyze the relationships between them. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Underlining within the passages may vary by student. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Analyze the Impact of Analogies on Text

This Common Core reading literature lesson focuses on how to determine the impact of analogies in text, and see how they are related to metaphors and similes. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will identify two things being compared in a poem, look for words that suggest the comparison, identify qualities they have in common, and analyze the impact of the analogy. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Apply the Properties of Exponents

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to apply the properties of exponents. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will apply the properties of exponents to create equivalent expressions. There are flashcards for this lesson to review the concept that exponents must have the same base for multiplication and division to be used. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Simplify Expressions with Roots

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to simplify expressions with roots. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will simplify a variety of expressions with roots. This lesson focuses on students recognizing perfect squares and cubes in order to simplify expressions. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Evaluate Square Roots of Perfect Squares

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to evaluate square roots of perfect squares. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will evaluate expressions with square roots of perfect squares. Students will evaluate a variety of different expressions. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Solve Equations with Squared Variables

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to solve equations with squared variables. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students find the values of squared variables in equations. Students will solve for a variety of equations, including several real-world word problems. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Derive the Equation of a Line

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to derive the equation of a line. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will derive the slope of a given line. This lesson focuses on the use of the y-intercept and finding the slope to create an equation that defines a particular line. This lesson includes problems with real-world word problems. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Derive Linear Equations Using the Point-Slope Formula

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to derive linear equations using the point-slope formula. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will use the point-slope formula to derive linear equations. The focus of this lesson is to use this formula to derive a linear equation given any point on the line and the slope. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Graph Linear Equations by Plotting Ordered Pairs

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to graph linear equations by plotting ordered pairs. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will plot ordered pairs from a linear equation on the coordinate plane. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Determine the Number of Solutions of a Linear Equations

8.EE.7 Solve linear equations in one variable.

8.EE.7.A8.EE.7.A Give examples of linear equations in one variable with one solution, infinitely many solutions, or no solutions. Show which of these possibilities is the case by successively transforming the given equation into simpler forms, until an equivalent equation of the form x = a, a = a, or a = b results (where a and b are different numbers).

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to determine the number of solutions of a linear equation. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will find the solution to a linear equation. Students will determine whether the linear equation has one solution, infinite solutions, or no solution. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Solve Multistep Equations

This Common Core expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to solve multistep equations. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will solve equations that require three or more steps. Students will perform a variety of inverse operations to isolate the variable and determine the solution. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.