# All Lessons

### Analyze Metaphors

This reading vocabulary lesson focuses on analyzing metaphors. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read each sentence and identify two things being compared. Then, they identify what qualities the two things being compared have in common. Finally, they interpret the metaphor in writing. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Use Context Clues to Determine the Meaning of Unknown Words

This reading vocabulary lesson focuses on using context clues to determine the meaning of unknown words. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the passage, noting the bold words. Then, they identify context clues that compare or contrast to the bold word, and identify any indicators of the type of context clue (such as or, like, also, but, however, etc.). Finally, they determine the meaning of the bold word. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Identify Compound Sentences with Transitions

This writing conventions lesson focuses on identifying compound sentences with transitions. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the sentence and identify independent clauses, if any. Then, they identify the transition word or phrase and determine if it is a compound sentence. Finally, if it is a compound sentence, they write how the clauses are related. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Identify Compound Sentences

This writing conventions lesson focuses on identifying compound sentences. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the sentences and identify independent clauses, if any. Then, they label the subject, verb, and coordinating conjunction, if any. If it is a compound sentence, they write the relationship between the two clauses. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Analyze Idioms

This reading vocabulary lesson focuses on analyzing idioms. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read each sentence and identify the idiom or words that are different from their literal meaning. Then, they analyze the idiom by writing its literal and its figurative meaning. In addition to the lesson, there are two pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Establish Coherence Through Parallel Structure

This writing conventions lesson focuses on establishing coherence through the parallel structure. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the sentence and identify parts of it that are not parallel, based on three given rules of parallel structure. Then, they rewrite the sentence using parallel structure and read it aloud. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review. These are modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Analyze Similes

This reading vocabulary lesson focuses on analyzing similes. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read each sentence and identify two unlike things being compared. Then, they identify what qualities the two things being compared have in common. Finally, they interpret the simile in writing. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Use Apposition to Indicate the Relationship Between Ideas

This writing conventions lesson focuses on using apposition to indicate the relationship between ideas. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the noun phrase and the sentence to determine the noun to be identified by the noun phrase. Then, they write a sentence using the noun phrase as an appositive. Finally, they read the sentence, listening for the appositive. In addition to the lesson, there are eight more pages for Independent Practice and review modeled after current adaptive testing items.

### Use Coordination to Indicate Relationships Between Ideas

This writing conventions lesson focuses on using coordination to indicate relationships between ideas. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the sentences and identify the correct relationships between a pair of sentences. Then, they determine the correct coordinating conjunction to use and combine the sentences properly, using coordination to indicate the relationship between ideas. In addition to the lesson, there are six pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Use Subordination to Indicate Relationship Between Ideas

This writing conventions lesson focuses on using subordination to indicate relationships between ideas. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students determine the relationship of two sentences and then the best conjunction to indicate that relationship. Then, they combine the clauses to form a complex sentence, varying between dependent first and independent clause first. Finally, they label the clauses. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing methods.

### Use Verbs in the Active and Passive Voice

This Language lesson focuses on having students correct the use of the passive voice. Students will identify the actors and recipients of the action in a sentnece and rewrite the sentence to use the active voice. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of facts and details related to topics for review and organizing.

### Find the Slope of a Line by Identifying the Rise & Run

This algebra and functions lesson focuses on finding the slope of a line by identifying the rise and the run. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students identify two points on a line, if necessary. Then, they find the slope by determining the rise (vertical distance) and the run (horizontal distance). Finally, they interpret the slope of the line aloud. In addition to the lesson, there are nine pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after current adaptive testing items.

### Distinguish Between Rational & Irrational Numbers

This number system lesson teaches students how to distinguish between rational and irrational numbers. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students will distinguish between various types of numbers, including irrational numbers, integers, and whole numbers.

### Convert Linear Equations in Standard Form to Slope-Intercept Form

(Y8) Solve linear equations using algebraic and graphical techniques. Verify solutions by substitution (ACMNA194)

ACMNA235(Y10) Solve problems involving linear equations, including those derived from formulas (ACMNA235)

HSA.SSE.3 Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.*

HSF.IF.8HSF.IF.8 Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function.

HSF.LE.2HSF.LE.2 Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two input-output pairs (include reading these from a table).

### Apply the Properties of Exponents

This expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to apply the properties of exponents. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students will apply the properties of exponents to create equivalent expressions. There are flashcards for this lesson to review the concept that exponents must have the same base for multiplication and division to be used.

### Simplify Expressions with Roots

This expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to simplify expressions with roots. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students will simplify a variety of expressions with roots. This lesson focuses on students recognizing perfect squares and cubes in order to simplify expressions.

### Evaluate Square Roots of Perfect Squares

This expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to evaluate square roots of perfect squares. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students will evaluate expressions with square roots of perfect squares. Students will evaluate a variety of different expressions.

### Solve Equations with Squared Variables

This expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to solve equations with squared variables. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students find the values of squared variables in equations. Students will solve for a variety of equations, including several real-world word problems.

### Derive the Equation of a Line

This expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to derive the equation of a line. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students will derive the slope of a given line. This lesson focuses on the use of the y-intercept and finding the slope to create an equation that defines a particular line. This lesson includes problems with real-world word problems.

### Derive Linear Equations Using the Point-Slope Formula

This expressions and equations lesson teaches students how to derive linear equations using the point-slope formula. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students will use the point-slope formula to derive linear equations. The focus of this lesson is to use this formula to derive a linear equation given any point on the line and the slope.