# All Lessons

### Segment Words

This Common Core phonics lesson involves segmenting words. Please read page regarding Phonemic Awareness instructions. When Checking for Understanding, make sure to select multiple non-volunteers to orally blend words. Students do not have a handout for this lesson. This lesson should focus on students’ phonological awareness, meaning they should only be listening to the words not reading them. The terms onsets and rimes were purposely not used in this lesson due to the difficulty level for kindergartners. This lesson focuses on students’ phonological awareness, meaning they should only be listening to the words not reading them. Pictures have been animated to appear after students have blended the given sounds. It will be helpful if students are already familiar with blending and segmenting onsets and rimes prior to this lesson. Supplemental materials for Concept Development CFU and Skill Development are available for this lesson.

### Compare the Weight of Objects

This Common Core Measurement and Data lesson compares the weight of objects. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. Various objects within the classroom can be used as demonstrations. Please review the animation on the Concept Development page. Animated text is intended to be read aloud by the teacher. Also note that this lesson does not cover any form of density. All comparisons are being made between objects with similar densities. It would be worthwhile to separately cover the idea that some things may be small but heavy (a stapler, a textbook, etc.) while others are large and light (empty boxes, Styrofoam, etc.). In addition to the lesson, there are multiple pages of independent practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Describe Characters, Setting, & Plot

This Common Core reading literature lesson covers how to use words and illustrations to describe characters, setting, and plot. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will read the text and look at the illustration. Then, they will review a series of statements about the characters, setting, and plot, identifying whether the details came from the words or the illustration. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Edit Writing

In this Common Core writing lesson, students will practice rereading and editing texts. In this lesson, students will edit texts for proper capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Determine an Author's Point of View

This Common Core reading informational text lesson covers how to determine an author’s point of view. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will identify words or details in the text that convey the author’s point of view on a topic. Then, they will write a brief explanation justifying their understanding. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Analyze How an Author Uses Rhetoric to Advance a Point of View

This Common Core reading informational text lesson focuses on how an author uses rhetoric to express point of view. In this lesson, students will read a text (usually an excerpt of a speech), and then identify when an author appeals to ethos, pathos, or logos. Finally, students will analyze how the author's use of these appeals advances his point of view. In addition to the lesson, there are numerous pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Discern Main Idea (Implied)

This reading comprehension lesson focuses on discerning implied main ideas and supporting evidence in a text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the text and determine which sentences are supporting evidence for a common idea. Then, they choose the implied main idea from four possibilities. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after current adaptive testing items.

### Determine the Prime Factorization of Numbers

This number sense lesson focuses on determining the prime factorization of numbers. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students determine the prime factorization of the number using a factorization tree, factoring all composite numbers until they are prime. Finally, they write the prime factorization using exponents if necessary, and checking and interpreting the answer. In addition to the lesson, there are twelve pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after current adaptive testing items.

### Describe the Law of Conservation of Matter

This physical science lesson focuses on describing the Law of Conservation of Matter. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read a balanced chemical reaction, and draw a molecular model for the reactants and the products. Then, students count and write the number of atoms for the reactants and the products. Finally, students read passages and complete a graphic organizer, as well as explaining why a chemical reaction does or does not obey the Laws of Conservation of Matter. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages for Independent Practice and review modeled after current adaptive testing items.

### Explain How Illustrations Contribute to a Story

This Common Core reading literature lesson explains how pictures add information to a story (e.g., create mood, emphasize aspects of a character or setting). In this lesson, students will describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events. (Also aligns with 3.RL.3.) In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Draw Inferences from Text

This Common Core reading literature lesson teaches students how to infer what the text is about with the details they are given and the prior knowledge they already possess. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students are working with short passages and must specifically identify words or phrases in the text that helped them make the inference. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Determine the Meaning of Unknown Words Using Context Clues

This Common Core language lesson covers how to determine the meaning of unknown words by using context clues. In this lesson, students will find the meaning of selected words in nearby individual sentences, paragraphs, or the text as a whole. Prior to this lesson,students should already have worked with context clues as definitions, examples, restatements, relationships, and comparisons (as they have been addressed in lower grades). In addition to the initial lesson, there are numerous pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after Common Core assessment items.

### Describe Events in a Story

This Common Core reading literature lesson requires students to describe the events in a story using specific details from the text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students must answer specific questions about events in the story. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Multiply Using the Multiplication Algorithm

This Common Core number and operations in base ten lesson teaches students how to multiply multi-digit numbers. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students use the standard multiplication algorithm to multiply two- and three-digit numbers. This lesson uses a slightly different algorithm than is traditional. This is intentional and is based on the Common Core Progressions. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Analyze How an Author Uses Rhetoric to Advance Point of View

This Common Core reading informational text lesson focuses on how an author uses rhetoric to express a point of view. In this lesson, students will read a text (usually an excerpt of a speech), and then identify when an author appeals to ethos, pathos, or logos. Finally, students will analyze how the author's use of these appeals advances his point of view. In addition to the lesson, there are numerous pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Write Informative Text

This Common Core writing lesson covers how to write informative text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students write at least one complete sentence for each section of the planning chart completed in the Plan Informative Text lesson. Then, they use an editing checklist to identify and correct any errors. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of topics for review and extended thinking.

### Plan Informative Text

This Common Core writing lesson covers how to plan informative text. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students read the research and identify related information that is needed to complete a graphic organizer. Then they complete the graphic organizer which asks for topic, three facts and details, and a conclusion. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of facts and details related to topics for review and organizing.

### Compare & Contrast the Overall Structure in Two or More Texts

This Common Core reading informational text lesson covers how to compare texts based on different text structures. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will learn how to identify a chronological, comparison, cause/effect, or problem/solution text structure, and then compare two texts with different structures. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.

### Explain Shades of Meaning of Related Words

This reading vocabulary lesson focuses on interpreting shades of meaning. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students read the definitions of closely related words, and the sentences that follow. Then, they use context clues to place the correct word in its proper sentence. Last, students explain their answers. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after current adaptive testing items.

### Revise Writing

This Common Core writing lesson covers how to revise writing by adding or deleting sentences based on how they support the main idea. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for Common Core assessments. In this lesson, students will learn how to change written text to improve it by determining which details support the main idea and which don’t. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice with questions modeled after the Common Core assessment items.