# All Lessons

### Order Numbers

This number sense lesson focuses on ordering numbers. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the students read a set of three numbers and determine if they are in order. Then, they write the numbers in order and count them out loud to check the order. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Ask Information Questions

K.CC.5 Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects.

K.CC.6K.CC.6 Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies.

This statistics, data analysis, and probability lesson focuses on asking information questions. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the students look at two sets of pictures. Then, the teacher asks a question about the "data" in the pictures, and the students think of and then ask a similar question to the teacher about the pictures. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Guided Practice modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Count Objects

K.CC.4 Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality.

K.CC.4.AK.CC.4.A When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object.

K.CC.4.BK.CC.4.B Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted.

K.CC.4.CK.CC.4.C Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger.

K.CC.5K.CC.5 Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects.

This lesson focuses on counting to cardinality by counting objects. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. For this lesson, students will need to be able to write numbers 1-20 (K.CCA.3).

### Represent Addition

This Operations and Algebraic Thinking lesson practices representing addition. As a prerequisite, students should be able to count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things (K.CC.5). The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. Manipulatives can be used to represent addition in this lesson any time objects are used in the problems.

### Memorize Addition Facts

This Operations and Algebraic Thinking lesson practices memorizing addition facts. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. The goal of this lesson is rote memorization of the addition facts. As a result, this lesson is set up with Skill Development/Guided Practice pages, followed by Independent Practice for each number. Cumulative Periodic Review pages are at the end of the lesson. Flashcards are provided with this lesson.

### Memorize Subtraction Facts

This Operations and Algebraic Thinking lesson practices memorizing subtraction facts. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. The goal of this lesson is rote memorization of the subtraction facts. As a result, this lesson is set up with Skill Development/Guided Practice pages, followed by Independent Practice for each number. Cumulative Periodic Review pages are at the end of the lesson. Flashcards are provided with this lesson.

### Add Numbers

This number sense lesson focuses on adding numbers. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the students read the addition problem, and then add the numbers counting from the first number. Finally, they write the answer and read the problem and answer out loud. In addition to the lesson, there are six pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Show the Meaning of Addition

This number sense lesson focuses on showing the meaning of adding. The lesson includes research-based strategies and questions that help prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students count and write the number of objects in each group, and put them together to show the meaning of adding. Then, they write the total amount and read the problem aloud. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review with questions modeled after current adaptive testing items.

### Subtract Numbers

This number sense lesson focuses on subtracting numbers. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the students read the subtraction problem and then subtract the numbers by taking away so many and counting the objects left. Finally, they write the answer and read the problem and answer out loud. In addition to the lesson, there are five pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Decompose Numbers 11 to 19

This Numbers and Operations in Base Ten lesson focuses on decomposing numbers 11 to 19. As prerequisites, students should be able to write numbers from 0 to 20 (K.CC.3), and understand the relationship between numbers and quantities (K.CC.4). The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments.

### Compare the Length of Objects

This Measurement and Data lesson practices comparing the length of objects. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. Review of the animation on the Concept Development pages prior to the lesson will be helpful, as it is meant to be read aloud. Manipulatives should be used as examples of longer, shorter, etc. Flashcards are provided as an extra resource.

### Compare the Weight of Objects

This Measurement and Data lesson compares the weight of objects. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. Various objects within the classroom can be used as demonstrations. Please review the animation on the Concept Development page. Animated text is intended to be read aloud by the teacher. Also, note that this lesson does not cover any form of density. All comparisons are being made between objects with similar densities. It would be worthwhile to separately cover the idea that some things may be small but heavy (a stapler, a textbook, etc.) while others are large and light (empty boxes, Styrofoam, etc.).

### Compare the Capacity of Objects

This measurement and geometry lesson focuses on comparing the capacity of objects. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, students look at two photos of objects. Then, they point to the object that holds more and circle it. Finally, they cross out the object that holds less. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Identify Days of the Week

This measurement and geometry lesson focuses on identifying the days of the week, using yesterday, today, and tomorrow with the days of the week. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the teacher reads a problem, such as "Pretend today is Monday. What day was yesterday?" The student then circles the correct day of the week. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Use Clocks to Tell Time

This measurement and geometry lesson focuses on using clocks to tell time. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the students look at a photo of two analog clocks and one digital clock. By looking at the short hand on the analog clocks they have to match it to the same time on the digital clock. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Name the Days of the Week

This measurement and geometry lesson focuses on naming the days of the week. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the students track with the teacher in reading the days in sequence. Then, they identify a day of the week that is missing, if any. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Identify the Time of Everyday Events

This measurement and geometry lesson focuses on identifying the time of everyday events. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the students look at a picture of an event and then think about when that event happens during the day. Finally, they find each time in the timeline and identify the correct time on a choice of digital clocks. In addition to the lesson, there are eight pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.

### Describe the Position of an Object

This Geometry lesson practices describing the position of an object (such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to). It is recommended that manipulatives are used in demonstration. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments.

### Name Shapes

(A) Identify two-dimensional shapes, including circles, triangles, rectangles, and squares as special rectangles

K.6.D(D) Identify attributes of two-dimensional shapes using informal and formal geometric language interchangeably

K.6.E(E) Classify and sort a variety of regular and irregular two- and three-dimensional figures regardless of orientation or size

This Geometry lesson practices naming shapes. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. This lesson contains a Concept Development and Skill Development/Guided Practice for each shape. The lesson is meant to discuss the attributes of each shape, one at a time until students are able to recognize each of the shapes and name them based on their attributes. Flashcards are available for this lesson.

### Identify Objects That Do Not Belong

This algebra and functions lesson focuses on identifying objects that do not belong. The lesson includes research-based strategies and strategic questions that prepare students for assessments. In this lesson, the teacher names the objects in a group of pictures. Students cross out the object that is not like the others. Finally, they say which object does not belong. In addition to the lesson, there are four pages of Independent Practice and review modeled on current adaptive testing items.